Weight loss and HIV
Most people spend a lot of effort to lose weight. But weight loss and weight-loss syndrome belong to one of the possible AIDS - associated complications, and if they run, they can even be life threatening. Antiviral therapy for preventing AIDS, also reduces the likelihood of the syndrome of weight loss. However, even when receiving treatment unwanted weight loss, to some extent still is observed in approximately one in four HIV-positive. This article deals with the causes, prevention and treatment of these symptoms.
There is a difference between simple weight loss and weight loss syndrome?
Yes. Weight loss simply means that the body has less weight, for some reason. "The syndrome of weight loss" - is a significant loss of body weight, mostly muscle. Sometimes weight loss and weight loss symptoms occur simultaneously, but not always. Thus, a person can lose weight, but the muscle mass he has maintained the same level. Also there is another option. Some HIV-positive people lose muscle mass, but at the same time gaining fat. In this case, their weight is virtually unchanged, but muscle mass is reduced.
For people without HIV weight loss is usually not a problem. For example, people sit on a diet to lose weight. If the body is not getting enough food, it begins to fat loss reserves to compensate for the loss of energy. At the same time, the body tries to keep the proteins in the diet or physical activity. Proteins are needed for the construction and preservation of muscle cells. In other words, most people "can afford" to lose weight. Proteins - that's what you can not lose.In people with HIV, particularly in the period of the disease, such as tuberculosis disease, the body requires a lot of energy. Conversion of fat into energy - it is also extra work for the body. To save energy, the body can start burning protein. This is because the proteins are converted into energy is much easier with fat loss factor scam. Also, the proteins needed to repair damaged organs and tissues, for example, to play the new immune system cells during disease.
If not enough protein in the blood, for example, if a person eats enough protein foods, your body starts to use the most important "storage" protein - your muscles. Depending on the energy that the body needs, and the duration of the disease, the body can lose a significant amount of muscle. Although a small loss of muscle mass is not dangerous, serious loss of muscle can lead to tragic consequences.
There are two kinds of weight loss syndrome. First, occurs when the body rapidly loses weight and muscle. As discussed earlier, this usually occurs during opportunistic infections such as tuberculosis or Pneumatics pneumonia. With proper prevention of these infections and receiving antiviral therapy, people living with HIV can prevent or get rid of opportunistic infections. In terms of prevention of the syndrome of weight loss - this is the best news.
Why is HIV positive can still lose weight?
To begin with, people with HIV are often malnourished, or feed is not what is necessary, that is, do not consume enough protein and some vitamins and minerals. There are several reasons why people may not have sufficient amount of the required products:
Not knowing what foods are best eaten
Changes in taste
Nausea or vomiting (which can be a side effect of drugs)
Dietary restrictions (possibly due to changes in the diet while taking medication)
It is very important that people with HIV to eat quite a variety of products. Studies show that when HIV is active, the body needs extra energy. Even if the drugs control the virus, and its amount in the blood remains at undetectable levels, the immune system needs extra energy to repair damaged tissue and cells.
Also, an additional dose of energy, vitamins and minerals needed to assimilate the body products. Most drugs can damage the liver or kidneys during chronic administration, and additional substances the body needs to recover the cells of these organs.
Another type of syndrome of weight loss is reflected in a gradual loss of weight and muscle. In contrast to the syndrome of weight loss of the first type, which occurs mainly at the stage of AIDS, the gradual weight loss can occur at any time. The reasons may be different.